An addiction is a continued involvement with or attachment to a substance or activity despite the negative consequences associated with it. Initially, the substance or activity brings pleasure, enjoyment or relief from actual or perceived ailments; however, over a period of time, regular involvement with the substance or activity is needed to feel normal. Addictions often preoccupy a large proportion of the individuals life such that other important areas are neglected.
Today addictions are viewed in a broader sense that was previously limited to substances. Some common addictions are to:
- alcohol, tobacco, heroin, caffeine and other drugs
- video games, computers, internet, watching tv
- food, dieting
- sex, pornography, idolizing
- exercise, adrenaline
- Long periods of high-level use of the substance or engaging in the activity
- Preoccupation with the substance or activity
- Loss of control when using the substance or engaging in the activity
- Increase in use of the substance or engaging in the activity in the face of negative consequences
- Greater amounts of the substance or activity are required over time to achieve the initial effect (Tolerance)
- Inability to stop even in the face of a strong desire to abstain
- Withdrawal from regular use of the substance or engaging in the activity results in adverse physical symptoms
- Relapse is a common occurance as a part of addiction recovery
Momentum Counselling is not equipped to serve as a detox unit but instead is a part of a process requiring the help of other professionals.